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Kuan Shih Yin Goddess Of Mercy Glossary page

Abhidhamma(Pali), Abhidharma(Sanskrit) 
Analysis of Dharma or Further Dharma
one of the three pitakas of the Pali scriptures 

Amitabha 
The Buddha presiding over the Pure Land Buddhism 

Arhat 
Enlightened person who has no defilements,
cravings and attained nirvana. 

Avalokiteshvara 
Mahayana bodhisattva of compassion, central to Tibetan dharma. 
Also called Kuan Shih Yin(Kuan-Yin).
Usually recognise by the small Buddha adorning Her crown. 

Bodhi 
Sanskrit for Enlightenment 

Bodhi Mind (Bodhicitta, Great Mind) 
The spirit of Enlightenment. The aspiration to achieve it. 
( achieve Buddhahhood and rescue all sentient)

Bodhisattva 
in Hinayana a future Buddha; in Mahayana
an "enlightened being" 
who strives to lead others to nirvana

Buddha 
Awakened, enlightened; the historical figure 
Siddhartha Guatama (566-486BC),
the enlightened one of the present era 

Dhamma(Pali), Dharma(Sanskrit) 
Buddhist teaching; "what is"; mental or material phenomenon 

Guatama(Sanskrit), Gotama(Pali) 
Siddhartha's clan name

Hinayana 
The "Small Vehicle": a term given by Mahayanists 
to those who were alleged
to seek enlightenment for themselves rather than for others.

Lotus Sutra 
A major Buddhist text and widely read.

Mind 
Key concept in Buddhist teaching. 
One comparison between the ordinary deluded mind 
(thoughts with feeelings, concepts etc) to the True Mind (Self Nature) 
is like looking at the water and the waves. 
They are the same but also different.
Both cannot be separated.

Mahayana 
The "Great Vehicle", school of Buddhism, 
so called because it carries many to nirvana

Mandala 
Circle, meditative pattern, magical diagram representing 
consciousness and the cosmos

Mantra 
Sacred syllable used in meditation

Nirvana 
A blowing out, extinction of self, the condition of enlightenment

Om 
A universal mantra

Pali 
Language of Southern Buddhism into which the Theravada scriptures
were translated in 5th century AD Sri lanka 

Pitaka 
"basket" or body of texts in the Pali scriptures;
the three pitakas are Suttas((Discourses), 
Vinanya(Monanstic Dicipline),
Abhidhamma(Further Dharma) 

Puja 
Ritual offering; worship

Sanskrit 
Literary and sacred language of ancient India, 
the language of many Mahayana texts

Shakyamuni 
Sage of the Shakyas, a name for the Buddha

Siddhartha 
The Buddha's personal name 

Sutra(Sanskrit), sutta(Pali) 
Buddhist discourse

Tara 
"female savior", a female deity in Mahayana 

Tantra 
Esoteric Hindu or Buddhist text; 
a late school of the Mahayana 
that heavily influenced Tibetan Buddhism

Theravada 
Doctrine of the Elders, 
major school of southern Hinayana

Ti-pitaka(Pali), Tri-pitaka(Sanskrit) 
The "three baskets" of texts in the Pali scriptures: 
Suttas, Vinaya, Abhidhamma 

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Begin on
Sunday June 11, 2000
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